The challenges and opportunities of Uganda’s land tenure system

Land is a critical factor of production and an essential pillar of national development and poverty reduction.

The way it is used, managed, controlled and transferred has far reaching implications economic development

  • More than 80% of the population are employed by agricultural sector
  • 69% are into subsistence farming
  • Agricultural sector contributes 24% to GDP, and 40% of export earnings


  • Productivity of most crops is still low
  • There are low levels of intensification: less than 30% use fertilizers and improved seed

Could land tenure arrangements be contributing to this?

Francis Mwesigye (PhD), a research associate at the Economic Policy Research Centre, attempted to answer this key question in a presentation made at a journalists’ workshop on covering agriculture held in May 2016. Read or download his presentation below: